Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?

Economy

Supreme Court curbs federal agency power, overturning Chevron precedent

The Supreme Court on Friday curtailed the power of federal government agencies to regulate vast parts of American life, overturning a 40-year-old legal precedent long targeted by conservatives who say the government gives unaccountable bureaucrats too much authority.

For decades, the court’s decision in Chevron U.S.A. v. Natural Resources Defense Council directed judges to defer to the reasonable interpretations of federal agency officials in cases that involve how to administer ambiguous federal laws.

Writing for the majority in the 6-3 ruling, Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. said that framework has proved “unworkable” and allowed federal agencies to change course even without direction from Congress.

The court is finally ending “our 40-year misadventure with Chevron deference,” Roberts said, reading parts of his opinion from the bench.

#g-chevron_v_NRDC-box, #g-chevron_v_NRDC-box .g-artboard { margin:0 auto; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-box p { margin:0; } .g-aiAbs { position:absolute; } .g-aiImg { display:block; width:100% !important; } .g-aiSymbol { position: absolute; box-sizing: border-box; } .g-aiPointText p { white-space: nowrap; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall { position:relative; overflow:hidden; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall p { font-family:Franklin,FranklinITCStdLight,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:400 !important; font-size:11px !important; line-height:14px !important; height:auto !important; filter:alpha(opacity=100) !important; -ms-filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(Opacity=100) !important; opacity:1 !important; letter-spacing:0em !important; text-align:left !important; color:rgb(0,0,0) !important; text-transform:none !important; padding-bottom:0 !important; padding-top:0 !important; mix-blend-mode:normal !important; font-style:normal !important; position:static !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall .g-pstyle0 { line-height:8px !important; height:8px !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall .g-pstyle1 { line-height:13px !important; height:13px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall .g-pstyle2 { height:14px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall .g-pstyle3 { font-family:Franklin,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:700 !important; height:14px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall { position:relative; overflow:hidden; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall p { font-family:Franklin,FranklinITCStdLight,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:400 !important; font-size:14px !important; line-height:18px !important; height:auto !important; filter:alpha(opacity=100) !important; -ms-filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(Opacity=100) !important; opacity:1 !important; letter-spacing:0em !important; text-align:left !important; color:rgb(0,0,0) !important; text-transform:none !important; padding-bottom:0 !important; padding-top:0 !important; mix-blend-mode:normal !important; font-style:normal !important; position:static !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall .g-pstyle0 { height:18px !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall .g-pstyle1 { line-height:11px !important; height:11px !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall .g-pstyle2 { line-height:17px !important; height:17px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall .g-pstyle3 { height:18px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall .g-pstyle4 { font-family:Franklin,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:700 !important; height:18px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium { position:relative; overflow:hidden; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium p { font-family:Franklin,FranklinITCStdLight,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:400 !important; font-size:14px !important; line-height:18px !important; height:auto !important; filter:alpha(opacity=100) !important; -ms-filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(Opacity=100) !important; opacity:1 !important; letter-spacing:0em !important; text-align:left !important; color:rgb(0,0,0) !important; text-transform:none !important; padding-bottom:0 !important; padding-top:0 !important; mix-blend-mode:normal !important; font-style:normal !important; position:static !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium .g-pstyle0 { height:18px !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium .g-pstyle1 { font-size:15px !important; line-height:17px !important; height:17px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium .g-pstyle2 { height:18px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium .g-pstyle3 { font-family:Franklin,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:700 !important; height:18px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge { position:relative; overflow:hidden; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge p { font-family:Franklin,FranklinITCStdLight,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:400 !important; font-size:16px !important; line-height:18px !important; height:auto !important; filter:alpha(opacity=100) !important; -ms-filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(Opacity=100) !important; opacity:1 !important; letter-spacing:0em !important; text-align:left !important; color:rgb(0,0,0) !important; text-transform:none !important; padding-bottom:0 !important; padding-top:0 !important; mix-blend-mode:normal !important; font-style:normal !important; position:static !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge .g-pstyle0 { height:18px !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge .g-pstyle1 { font-size:20px !important; line-height:22px !important; height:22px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge .g-pstyle2 { height:18px !important; text-align:center !important; } #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge .g-pstyle3 { font-family:Franklin,Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif !important; font-weight:700 !important; height:18px !important; text-align:center !important; }

/* Custom CSS */ .g-textshadow-black p { text-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgb(0 0 0 / 80%); } .g-textshadow-white p { text-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgb(255 255 255 / 80%); } .g-textshadow-grey p { text-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgb(192 192 192 / 80%); } .g-textoutline-white p { text-shadow: -1px -1px 0 #fff, 1px -1px 0 #fff, -1px 1px 0 #fff, 1px 1px 0 #fff; } .g-textoutline-black p { text-shadow: -1px -1px 0 #000, 1px -1px 0 #000, -1px 1px 0 #000, 1px 1px 0 #000; } .g-textoutline-grey p { text-shadow: -1px -1px 0 #c0c0c0, 1px -1px 0 #c0c0c0, -1px 1px 0 #c0c0c0, 1px 1px 0 #c0c0c0; }

Joined the majority

Dissented

Decision author

LIBERAL BLOC

CONSERVATIVE BLOC

Jackson

Roberts

Barrett

Alito

Kagan

Kavanaugh

Thomas

Gorsuch

Sotomayor

Decision author

Joined the majority

Dissented

LIBERAL BLOC

CONSERVATIVE BLOC

Jackson

Roberts

Barrett

Alito

Kagan

Kavanaugh

Thomas

Gorsuch

Sotomayor

Decision author

Joined the majority

Dissented

LIBERAL BLOC

CONSERVATIVE BLOC

Sotomayor

Jackson

Kagan

Roberts

Kavanaugh

Barrett

Gorsuch

Alito

Thomas

Joined the majority

Dissented

Decision author

LIBERAL BLOC

CONSERVATIVE BLOC

Sotomayor

Jackson

Kagan

Roberts

Kavanaugh

Barrett

Gorsuch

Alito

Thomas

(function (containerId, opts) { if (!(‘querySelector’ in document)) return; var container = document.getElementById(containerId); var nameSpace = opts.namespace || ”; var onResize = throttle(update, 200); var waiting = !!window.IntersectionObserver; var observer; update();

document.addEventListener(‘DOMContentLoaded’, update); window.addEventListener(‘resize’, onResize);

// NYT Scoop-specific code if (opts.setup) { opts.setup(container).on(‘cleanup’, cleanup); }

function cleanup() { document.removeEventListener(‘DOMContentLoaded’, update); window.removeEventListener(‘resize’, onResize); if (observer) observer.disconnect(); }

function update() { var artboards = selectChildren(‘.’ + nameSpace + ‘artboard[data-min-width]’, container), width = Math.round(container.getBoundingClientRect().width);

// Set artboard visibility based on container width artboards.forEach(function(el) { var minwidth = el.getAttribute(‘data-min-width’), maxwidth = el.getAttribute(‘data-max-width’); if (+minwidth = width || maxwidth === null)) { if (!waiting) { selectChildren(‘.’ + nameSpace + ‘aiImg’, el).forEach(updateImgSrc); } el.style.display = ‘block’; } else { el.style.display = ‘none’; } });

// Initialize lazy loading on first call if (waiting && !observer) { if (elementInView(container)) { waiting = false; update(); } else { observer = new IntersectionObserver(onIntersectionChange, {}); observer.observe(container); } } }

function elementInView(el) { var bounds = el.getBoundingClientRect(); return bounds.top 0; }

// Replace blank placeholder image with actual image function updateImgSrc(img) { var src = img.getAttribute(‘data-src’); if (src && img.getAttribute(‘src’) != src) { img.setAttribute(‘src’, src); } }

function onIntersectionChange(entries) { if (entries.length && entries[0].isIntersecting) { waiting = false; observer.disconnect(); observer = null; update(); } }

function selectChildren(selector, parent) { return parent ? Array.prototype.slice.call(parent.querySelectorAll(selector)) : []; }

// based on underscore.js function throttle(func, wait) { var timeout = null, previous = 0; function run() { previous = Date.now(); timeout = null; func(); } return function() { var remaining = wait – (Date.now() – previous); if (remaining wait) { clearTimeout(timeout); run(); } else if (!timeout) { timeout = setTimeout(run, remaining); } }; } })(‘g-chevron_v_NRDC-box’, {namespace: ‘g-‘, setup: window.setupInteractive || window.getComponent});

#g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall { display: none } @media (max-width: 383px) and (min-width: 260px) { #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xxsmall { display: block } }

#g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall { display: none } @media (max-width: 639px) and (min-width: 384px) { #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xsmall { display: block } }

#g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium { display: none } @media (max-width: 959px) and (min-width: 640px) { #g-chevron_v_NRDC-medium { display: block } }

#g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge { display: none } @media (min-width: 960px) { #g-chevron_v_NRDC-xlarge { display: block } }

The court’s three liberal justices — Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan and Ketanji Brown Jackson — dissented, with Kagan writing that the majority has turned itself into “the country’s administrative czar,” taking power away from Congress and regulatory agencies.

In a lengthy dissent read from the bench, Kagan said the court discarded precedent, unwisely setting up the Supreme Court — and courts in general — as the final arbiter on regulatory matters in which they are not experts. Kagan said that power rightly belongs with federal agencies.

“In every sphere of current or future federal regulation, expect courts from now on to play a commanding role,” Kagan wrote in her opinion. “It is not a role Congress has given them. … It is a role this court has now claimed for itself, as well as other judges.”

Kagan went on to say the Friday ruling is likely to produce “large-scale disruption” since the previous decision had been relied upon heavily by the courts over the last 40 years.

The precedent, established in 1984, gave federal agencies flexibility to determine how to implement legislation passed by Congress. The framework has been used extensively by the U.S. government to defend regulations designed to protect the environment, financial markets, consumers and the workplace.

While lower courts have relied on Chevron in tens of thousands of cases evaluating federal rules and orders, conservatives have balked at the legal precedent, and the approach has fallen out of favor in the last decade as the Supreme Court moved to the right. The high court’s conservative supermajority includes three justices nominated by President Donald Trump, whose administration put a premium on judges skeptical of federal government power and the so-called administrative state.

Supporters of Chevron, including environmental groups, labor and civil rights organizations and the Biden administration, told the court that Congress often writes broad statutes to give government experts the leeway to address emerging complex problems. Overturning or scaling back the legal precedent, they said, will hamstring and weaken federal agencies and shift power to the courts and Congress.

Opponents of Chevron, in contrast, told the court that the framework unfairly tips the scales in litigation by requiring judges to systematically favor government regulators over those challenging burdensome regulations. Chevron has allowed federal agencies to flip-flop and impose different rules each time a new administration takes over, they said, leaving judges with little choice but to defer to the changing interpretations of agency officials.

The pair of cases before the court, Loper Bright Enterprises v. Raimondo and Relentless, Inc. v. Department of Commerce, were brought by Atlantic herring fishermen in New Jersey and Rhode Island who challenged federal rules initiated by the Trump administration requiring them to pay for at-sea monitors.

But the court’s decision has far broader implications for thousands of private companies and industries regulated by the government.

Both lawsuits were backed by conservative legal organizations — the Cause of Action Institute and New Civil Liberties Alliance — that have received millions of dollars from the Koch network, founded by billionaire industrialist Charles Koch and his late brother, David Koch.

This is a developing story. It will be updated.

This post appeared first on The Washington Post
Enter Your Information Below To Receive Free Trading Ideas, Latest News And Articles.

    Stay updated with the latest news, exclusive offers, and special promotions. Sign up now and be the first to know! As a member, you'll receive curated content, insider tips, and invitations to exclusive events. Don't miss out on being part of something special.

    By opting in you agree to receive emails from us and our affiliates. Your information is secure and your privacy is protected.
    Your information is secure and your privacy is protected. By opting in you agree to receive emails from us. Remember that you can opt-out any time, we hate spam too!

    You May Also Like

    Latest News

    Former First Lady Melania Trump will ‘most certainly’ have an influence on who her husband selects as a running mate for the 2024 presidential...

    Latest News

    It’s hard to tell who needs who more.Former President Trump or House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La.It’s too early to say if Mr. Trump will...

    Investing

    Maximizing Profits in Forex with the XMaster Formula Indicator Key Takeaways: XMaster Formula Indicator is a reliable and accurate tool for Forex traders to...

    Editor's Pick

    On April 23, 1985, the Coca-Cola Company made one of the biggest mistakes in American business history: it changed the formula for Coca-Cola. Outraged...